[ aws . dynamodbstreams ]



Returns a shard iterator. A shard iterator provides information about how to retrieve the stream records from within a shard. Use the shard iterator in a subsequent GetRecords request to read the stream records from the shard.


A shard iterator expires 15 minutes after it is returned to the requester.

See also: AWS API Documentation

See ‘aws help’ for descriptions of global parameters.


--stream-arn <value>
--shard-id <value>
--shard-iterator-type <value>
[--sequence-number <value>]
[--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--cli-auto-prompt <value>]


--stream-arn (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) for the stream.

--shard-id (string)

The identifier of the shard. The iterator will be returned for this shard ID.

--shard-iterator-type (string)

Determines how the shard iterator is used to start reading stream records from the shard:

  • AT_SEQUENCE_NUMBER - Start reading exactly from the position denoted by a specific sequence number.

  • AFTER_SEQUENCE_NUMBER - Start reading right after the position denoted by a specific sequence number.

  • TRIM_HORIZON - Start reading at the last (untrimmed) stream record, which is the oldest record in the shard. In DynamoDB Streams, there is a 24 hour limit on data retention. Stream records whose age exceeds this limit are subject to removal (trimming) from the stream.

  • LATEST - Start reading just after the most recent stream record in the shard, so that you always read the most recent data in the shard.

Possible values:





--sequence-number (string)

The sequence number of a stream record in the shard from which to start reading.

--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml (string) Reads arguments from the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, those values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally. This may not be specified along with --cli-input-yaml.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. Similarly, if provided yaml-input it will print a sample input YAML that can be used with --cli-input-yaml. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

--cli-auto-prompt (boolean) Automatically prompt for CLI input parameters.

See ‘aws help’ for descriptions of global parameters.


To get a shard iterator

The following get-shard-iterator command retrieves a shard iterator for the specified shard.

aws dynamodbstreams get-shard-iterator \
    --stream-arn arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-1:12356789012:table/Music/stream/2019-10-22T18:02:01.576 \
    --shard-id shardId-00000001571780995058-40810d86 \
    --shard-iterator-type LATEST


    "ShardIterator": "arn:aws:dynamodb:us-west-1:123456789012:table/Music/stream/2019-10-22T18:02:01.576|1|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"

For more information, see Capturing Table Activity with DynamoDB Streams in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.


ShardIterator -> (string)

The position in the shard from which to start reading stream records sequentially. A shard iterator specifies this position using the sequence number of a stream record in a shard.