[ aws . autoscaling ]

create-auto-scaling-group

Description

We strongly recommend using a launch template when calling this operation to ensure full functionality for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling and Amazon EC2.

Creates an Auto Scaling group with the specified name and attributes.

If you exceed your maximum limit of Auto Scaling groups, the call fails. To query this limit, call the DescribeAccountLimits API. For information about updating this limit, see Quotas for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

For introductory exercises for creating an Auto Scaling group, see Getting started with Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling and Tutorial: Set up a scaled and load-balanced application in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide . For more information, see Auto Scaling groups in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

Every Auto Scaling group has three size properties (DesiredCapacity , MaxSize , and MinSize ). Usually, you set these sizes based on a specific number of instances. However, if you configure a mixed instances policy that defines weights for the instance types, you must specify these sizes with the same units that you use for weighting instances.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  create-auto-scaling-group
--auto-scaling-group-name <value>
[--launch-configuration-name <value>]
[--launch-template <value>]
[--mixed-instances-policy <value>]
[--instance-id <value>]
--min-size <value>
--max-size <value>
[--desired-capacity <value>]
[--default-cooldown <value>]
[--availability-zones <value>]
[--load-balancer-names <value>]
[--target-group-arns <value>]
[--health-check-type <value>]
[--health-check-grace-period <value>]
[--placement-group <value>]
[--vpc-zone-identifier <value>]
[--termination-policies <value>]
[--new-instances-protected-from-scale-in | --no-new-instances-protected-from-scale-in]
[--capacity-rebalance | --no-capacity-rebalance]
[--lifecycle-hook-specification-list <value>]
[--tags <value>]
[--service-linked-role-arn <value>]
[--max-instance-lifetime <value>]
[--context <value>]
[--desired-capacity-type <value>]
[--default-instance-warmup <value>]
[--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]
[--cli-binary-format <value>]
[--no-cli-pager]
[--cli-auto-prompt]
[--no-cli-auto-prompt]

Options

--auto-scaling-group-name (string)

The name of the Auto Scaling group. This name must be unique per Region per account.

The name can contain any ASCII character 33 to 126 including most punctuation characters, digits, and upper and lowercased letters.

Note

You cannot use a colon (:) in the name.

--launch-configuration-name (string)

The name of the launch configuration to use to launch instances.

Conditional: You must specify either a launch template (LaunchTemplate or MixedInstancesPolicy ) or a launch configuration (LaunchConfigurationName or InstanceId ).

--launch-template (structure)

Information used to specify the launch template and version to use to launch instances.

Conditional: You must specify either a launch template (LaunchTemplate or MixedInstancesPolicy ) or a launch configuration (LaunchConfigurationName or InstanceId ).

Note

The launch template that is specified must be configured for use with an Auto Scaling group. For more information, see Creating a launch template for an Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

LaunchTemplateId -> (string)

The ID of the launch template. To get the template ID, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplates API operation. New launch templates can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplate API.

Conditional: You must specify either a LaunchTemplateId or a LaunchTemplateName .

LaunchTemplateName -> (string)

The name of the launch template. To get the template name, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplates API operation. New launch templates can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplate API.

Conditional: You must specify either a LaunchTemplateId or a LaunchTemplateName .

Version -> (string)

The version number, $Latest , or $Default . To get the version number, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplateVersions API operation. New launch template versions can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplateVersion API. If the value is $Latest , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling selects the latest version of the launch template when launching instances. If the value is $Default , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling selects the default version of the launch template when launching instances. The default value is $Default .

Shorthand Syntax:

LaunchTemplateId=string,LaunchTemplateName=string,Version=string

JSON Syntax:

{
  "LaunchTemplateId": "string",
  "LaunchTemplateName": "string",
  "Version": "string"
}

--mixed-instances-policy (structure)

The mixed instances policy. For more information, see Auto Scaling groups with multiple instance types and purchase options in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

LaunchTemplate -> (structure)

One or more launch templates and the instance types (overrides) that are used to launch EC2 instances to fulfill On-Demand and Spot capacities.

LaunchTemplateSpecification -> (structure)

The launch template.

LaunchTemplateId -> (string)

The ID of the launch template. To get the template ID, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplates API operation. New launch templates can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplate API.

Conditional: You must specify either a LaunchTemplateId or a LaunchTemplateName .

LaunchTemplateName -> (string)

The name of the launch template. To get the template name, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplates API operation. New launch templates can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplate API.

Conditional: You must specify either a LaunchTemplateId or a LaunchTemplateName .

Version -> (string)

The version number, $Latest , or $Default . To get the version number, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplateVersions API operation. New launch template versions can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplateVersion API. If the value is $Latest , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling selects the latest version of the launch template when launching instances. If the value is $Default , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling selects the default version of the launch template when launching instances. The default value is $Default .

Overrides -> (list)

Any properties that you specify override the same properties in the launch template.

(structure)

Use this structure to let Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling do the following when the Auto Scaling group has a mixed instances policy:

  • Override the instance type that is specified in the launch template.

  • Use multiple instance types.

Specify the instance types that you want, or define your instance requirements instead and let Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling provision the available instance types that meet your requirements. This can provide Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling with a larger selection of instance types to choose from when fulfilling Spot and On-Demand capacities. You can view which instance types are matched before you apply the instance requirements to your Auto Scaling group.

After you define your instance requirements, you don’t have to keep updating these settings to get new EC2 instance types automatically. Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses the instance requirements of the Auto Scaling group to determine whether a new EC2 instance type can be used.

InstanceType -> (string)

The instance type, such as m3.xlarge . You must specify an instance type that is supported in your requested Region and Availability Zones. For more information, see Instance types in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .

You can specify up to 40 instance types per Auto Scaling group.

WeightedCapacity -> (string)

If you provide a list of instance types to use, you can specify the number of capacity units provided by each instance type in terms of virtual CPUs, memory, storage, throughput, or other relative performance characteristic. When a Spot or On-Demand Instance is launched, the capacity units count toward the desired capacity. Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling launches instances until the desired capacity is totally fulfilled, even if this results in an overage. For example, if there are two units remaining to fulfill capacity, and Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling can only launch an instance with a WeightedCapacity of five units, the instance is launched, and the desired capacity is exceeded by three units. For more information, see Configuring instance weighting for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide . Value must be in the range of 1–999.

If you specify a value for WeightedCapacity for one instance type, you must specify a value for WeightedCapacity for all of them.

Warning

Every Auto Scaling group has three size parameters (DesiredCapacity , MaxSize , and MinSize ). Usually, you set these sizes based on a specific number of instances. However, if you configure a mixed instances policy that defines weights for the instance types, you must specify these sizes with the same units that you use for weighting instances.

LaunchTemplateSpecification -> (structure)

Provides a launch template for the specified instance type or set of instance requirements. For example, some instance types might require a launch template with a different AMI. If not provided, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses the launch template that’s specified in the LaunchTemplate definition. For more information, see Specifying a different launch template for an instance type in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

You can specify up to 20 launch templates per Auto Scaling group. The launch templates specified in the overrides and in the LaunchTemplate definition count towards this limit.

LaunchTemplateId -> (string)

The ID of the launch template. To get the template ID, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplates API operation. New launch templates can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplate API.

Conditional: You must specify either a LaunchTemplateId or a LaunchTemplateName .

LaunchTemplateName -> (string)

The name of the launch template. To get the template name, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplates API operation. New launch templates can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplate API.

Conditional: You must specify either a LaunchTemplateId or a LaunchTemplateName .

Version -> (string)

The version number, $Latest , or $Default . To get the version number, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeLaunchTemplateVersions API operation. New launch template versions can be created using the Amazon EC2 CreateLaunchTemplateVersion API. If the value is $Latest , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling selects the latest version of the launch template when launching instances. If the value is $Default , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling selects the default version of the launch template when launching instances. The default value is $Default .

InstanceRequirements -> (structure)

The instance requirements. Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses your specified requirements to identify instance types. Then, it uses your On-Demand and Spot allocation strategies to launch instances from these instance types.

You can specify up to four separate sets of instance requirements per Auto Scaling group. This is useful for provisioning instances from different Amazon Machine Images (AMIs) in the same Auto Scaling group. To do this, create the AMIs and create a new launch template for each AMI. Then, create a compatible set of instance requirements for each launch template.

Note

If you specify InstanceRequirements , you can’t specify InstanceType .

VCpuCount -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum number of vCPUs for an instance type.

Min -> (integer)

The minimum number of vCPUs.

Max -> (integer)

The maximum number of vCPUs.

MemoryMiB -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum instance memory size for an instance type, in MiB.

Min -> (integer)

The memory minimum in MiB.

Max -> (integer)

The memory maximum in MiB.

CpuManufacturers -> (list)

Lists which specific CPU manufacturers to include.

  • For instance types with Intel CPUs, specify intel .

  • For instance types with AMD CPUs, specify amd .

  • For instance types with Amazon Web Services CPUs, specify amazon-web-services .

Note

Don’t confuse the CPU hardware manufacturer with the CPU hardware architecture. Instances will be launched with a compatible CPU architecture based on the Amazon Machine Image (AMI) that you specify in your launch template.

Default: Any manufacturer

(string)

MemoryGiBPerVCpu -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum amount of memory per vCPU for an instance type, in GiB.

Default: No minimum or maximum limits

Min -> (double)

The memory minimum in GiB.

Max -> (double)

The memory maximum in GiB.

ExcludedInstanceTypes -> (list)

The instance types to exclude. You can use strings with one or more wild cards, represented by an asterisk (* ), to exclude an instance family, type, size, or generation. The following are examples: m5.8xlarge , c5*.* , m5a.* , r* , *3* .

For example, if you specify c5* , you are excluding the entire C5 instance family, which includes all C5a and C5n instance types. If you specify m5a.* , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling will exclude all the M5a instance types, but not the M5n instance types.

Note

If you specify ExcludedInstanceTypes , you can’t specify AllowedInstanceTypes .

Default: No excluded instance types

(string)

InstanceGenerations -> (list)

Indicates whether current or previous generation instance types are included.

  • For current generation instance types, specify current . The current generation includes EC2 instance types currently recommended for use. This typically includes the latest two to three generations in each instance family. For more information, see Instance types in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances .

  • For previous generation instance types, specify previous .

Default: Any current or previous generation

(string)

SpotMaxPricePercentageOverLowestPrice -> (integer)

The price protection threshold for Spot Instances. This is the maximum you’ll pay for a Spot Instance, expressed as a percentage higher than the least expensive current generation M, C, or R instance type with your specified attributes. When Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling selects instance types with your attributes, we will exclude instance types whose price is higher than your threshold. The parameter accepts an integer, which Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling interprets as a percentage. To turn off price protection, specify a high value, such as 999999 .

If you set DesiredCapacityType to vcpu or memory-mib , the price protection threshold is applied based on the per vCPU or per memory price instead of the per instance price.

Default: 100

OnDemandMaxPricePercentageOverLowestPrice -> (integer)

The price protection threshold for On-Demand Instances. This is the maximum you’ll pay for an On-Demand Instance, expressed as a percentage higher than the least expensive current generation M, C, or R instance type with your specified attributes. When Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling selects instance types with your attributes, we will exclude instance types whose price is higher than your threshold. The parameter accepts an integer, which Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling interprets as a percentage. To turn off price protection, specify a high value, such as 999999 .

If you set DesiredCapacityType to vcpu or memory-mib , the price protection threshold is applied based on the per vCPU or per memory price instead of the per instance price.

Default: 20

BareMetal -> (string)

Indicates whether bare metal instance types are included, excluded, or required.

Default: excluded

BurstablePerformance -> (string)

Indicates whether burstable performance instance types are included, excluded, or required. For more information, see Burstable performance instances in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances .

Default: excluded

RequireHibernateSupport -> (boolean)

Indicates whether instance types must provide On-Demand Instance hibernation support.

Default: false

NetworkInterfaceCount -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum number of network interfaces for an instance type.

Default: No minimum or maximum limits

Min -> (integer)

The minimum number of network interfaces.

Max -> (integer)

The maximum number of network interfaces.

LocalStorage -> (string)

Indicates whether instance types with instance store volumes are included, excluded, or required. For more information, see Amazon EC2 instance store in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances .

Default: included

LocalStorageTypes -> (list)

Indicates the type of local storage that is required.

  • For instance types with hard disk drive (HDD) storage, specify hdd .

  • For instance types with solid state drive (SSD) storage, specify ssd .

Default: Any local storage type

(string)

TotalLocalStorageGB -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum total local storage size for an instance type, in GB.

Default: No minimum or maximum limits

Min -> (double)

The storage minimum in GB.

Max -> (double)

The storage maximum in GB.

BaselineEbsBandwidthMbps -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum baseline bandwidth performance for an instance type, in Mbps. For more information, see Amazon EBS–optimized instances in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances .

Default: No minimum or maximum limits

Min -> (integer)

The minimum value in Mbps.

Max -> (integer)

The maximum value in Mbps.

AcceleratorTypes -> (list)

Lists the accelerator types that must be on an instance type.

  • For instance types with GPU accelerators, specify gpu .

  • For instance types with FPGA accelerators, specify fpga .

  • For instance types with inference accelerators, specify inference .

Default: Any accelerator type

(string)

AcceleratorCount -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum number of accelerators (GPUs, FPGAs, or Amazon Web Services Inferentia chips) for an instance type.

To exclude accelerator-enabled instance types, set Max to 0 .

Default: No minimum or maximum limits

Min -> (integer)

The minimum value.

Max -> (integer)

The maximum value.

AcceleratorManufacturers -> (list)

Indicates whether instance types must have accelerators by specific manufacturers.

  • For instance types with NVIDIA devices, specify nvidia .

  • For instance types with AMD devices, specify amd .

  • For instance types with Amazon Web Services devices, specify amazon-web-services .

  • For instance types with Xilinx devices, specify xilinx .

Default: Any manufacturer

(string)

AcceleratorNames -> (list)

Lists the accelerators that must be on an instance type.

  • For instance types with NVIDIA A100 GPUs, specify a100 .

  • For instance types with NVIDIA V100 GPUs, specify v100 .

  • For instance types with NVIDIA K80 GPUs, specify k80 .

  • For instance types with NVIDIA T4 GPUs, specify t4 .

  • For instance types with NVIDIA M60 GPUs, specify m60 .

  • For instance types with AMD Radeon Pro V520 GPUs, specify radeon-pro-v520 .

  • For instance types with Xilinx VU9P FPGAs, specify vu9p .

Default: Any accelerator

(string)

AcceleratorTotalMemoryMiB -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum total memory size for the accelerators on an instance type, in MiB.

Default: No minimum or maximum limits

Min -> (integer)

The memory minimum in MiB.

Max -> (integer)

The memory maximum in MiB.

NetworkBandwidthGbps -> (structure)

The minimum and maximum amount of network bandwidth, in gigabits per second (Gbps).

Default: No minimum or maximum limits

Min -> (double)

The minimum amount of network bandwidth, in gigabits per second (Gbps).

Max -> (double)

The maximum amount of network bandwidth, in gigabits per second (Gbps).

AllowedInstanceTypes -> (list)

The instance types to apply your specified attributes against. All other instance types are ignored, even if they match your specified attributes.

You can use strings with one or more wild cards, represented by an asterisk (* ), to allow an instance type, size, or generation. The following are examples: m5.8xlarge , c5*.* , m5a.* , r* , *3* .

For example, if you specify c5* , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling will allow the entire C5 instance family, which includes all C5a and C5n instance types. If you specify m5a.* , Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling will allow all the M5a instance types, but not the M5n instance types.

Note

If you specify AllowedInstanceTypes , you can’t specify ExcludedInstanceTypes .

Default: All instance types

(string)

InstancesDistribution -> (structure)

The instances distribution.

OnDemandAllocationStrategy -> (string)

The allocation strategy to apply to your On-Demand Instances when they are launched. Possible instance types are determined by the launch template overrides that you specify.

The following lists the valid values:

lowest-price

Uses price to determine which instance types are the highest priority, launching the lowest priced instance types within an Availability Zone first. This is the default value for Auto Scaling groups that specify InstanceRequirements .

prioritized

You set the order of instance types for the launch template overrides from highest to lowest priority (from first to last in the list). Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling launches your highest priority instance types first. If all your On-Demand capacity cannot be fulfilled using your highest priority instance type, then Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling launches the remaining capacity using the second priority instance type, and so on. This is the default value for Auto Scaling groups that don’t specify InstanceRequirements and cannot be used for groups that do.

OnDemandBaseCapacity -> (integer)

The minimum amount of the Auto Scaling group’s capacity that must be fulfilled by On-Demand Instances. This base portion is launched first as your group scales.

This number has the same unit of measurement as the group’s desired capacity. If you change the default unit of measurement (number of instances) by specifying weighted capacity values in your launch template overrides list, or by changing the default desired capacity type setting of the group, you must specify this number using the same unit of measurement.

Default: 0

OnDemandPercentageAboveBaseCapacity -> (integer)

Controls the percentages of On-Demand Instances and Spot Instances for your additional capacity beyond OnDemandBaseCapacity . Expressed as a number (for example, 20 specifies 20% On-Demand Instances, 80% Spot Instances). If set to 100, only On-Demand Instances are used.

Default: 100

SpotAllocationStrategy -> (string)

The allocation strategy to apply to your Spot Instances when they are launched. Possible instance types are determined by the launch template overrides that you specify.

The following lists the valid values:

capacity-optimized

Requests Spot Instances using pools that are optimally chosen based on the available Spot capacity. This strategy has the lowest risk of interruption. To give certain instance types a higher chance of launching first, use capacity-optimized-prioritized .

capacity-optimized-prioritized

You set the order of instance types for the launch template overrides from highest to lowest priority (from first to last in the list). Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling honors the instance type priorities on a best effort basis but optimizes for capacity first. Note that if the On-Demand allocation strategy is set to prioritized , the same priority is applied when fulfilling On-Demand capacity. This is not a valid value for Auto Scaling groups that specify InstanceRequirements .

lowest-price

Requests Spot Instances using the lowest priced pools within an Availability Zone, across the number of Spot pools that you specify for the SpotInstancePools property. To ensure that your desired capacity is met, you might receive Spot Instances from several pools. This is the default value, but it might lead to high interruption rates because this strategy only considers instance price and not available capacity.

price-capacity-optimized (recommended)

Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling identifies the pools with the highest capacity availability for the number of instances that are launching. This means that we will request Spot Instances from the pools that we believe have the lowest chance of interruption in the near term. Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling then requests Spot Instances from the lowest priced of these pools.

SpotInstancePools -> (integer)

The number of Spot Instance pools across which to allocate your Spot Instances. The Spot pools are determined from the different instance types in the overrides. Valid only when the SpotAllocationStrategy is lowest-price . Value must be in the range of 1–20.

Default: 2

SpotMaxPrice -> (string)

The maximum price per unit hour that you are willing to pay for a Spot Instance. If your maximum price is lower than the Spot price for the instance types that you selected, your Spot Instances are not launched. We do not recommend specifying a maximum price because it can lead to increased interruptions. When Spot Instances launch, you pay the current Spot price. To remove a maximum price that you previously set, include the property but specify an empty string (“”) for the value.

Warning

If you specify a maximum price, your instances will be interrupted more frequently than if you do not specify one.

Valid Range: Minimum value of 0.001

JSON Syntax:

{
  "LaunchTemplate": {
    "LaunchTemplateSpecification": {
      "LaunchTemplateId": "string",
      "LaunchTemplateName": "string",
      "Version": "string"
    },
    "Overrides": [
      {
        "InstanceType": "string",
        "WeightedCapacity": "string",
        "LaunchTemplateSpecification": {
          "LaunchTemplateId": "string",
          "LaunchTemplateName": "string",
          "Version": "string"
        },
        "InstanceRequirements": {
          "VCpuCount": {
            "Min": integer,
            "Max": integer
          },
          "MemoryMiB": {
            "Min": integer,
            "Max": integer
          },
          "CpuManufacturers": ["intel"|"amd"|"amazon-web-services", ...],
          "MemoryGiBPerVCpu": {
            "Min": double,
            "Max": double
          },
          "ExcludedInstanceTypes": ["string", ...],
          "InstanceGenerations": ["current"|"previous", ...],
          "SpotMaxPricePercentageOverLowestPrice": integer,
          "OnDemandMaxPricePercentageOverLowestPrice": integer,
          "BareMetal": "included"|"excluded"|"required",
          "BurstablePerformance": "included"|"excluded"|"required",
          "RequireHibernateSupport": true|false,
          "NetworkInterfaceCount": {
            "Min": integer,
            "Max": integer
          },
          "LocalStorage": "included"|"excluded"|"required",
          "LocalStorageTypes": ["hdd"|"ssd", ...],
          "TotalLocalStorageGB": {
            "Min": double,
            "Max": double
          },
          "BaselineEbsBandwidthMbps": {
            "Min": integer,
            "Max": integer
          },
          "AcceleratorTypes": ["gpu"|"fpga"|"inference", ...],
          "AcceleratorCount": {
            "Min": integer,
            "Max": integer
          },
          "AcceleratorManufacturers": ["nvidia"|"amd"|"amazon-web-services"|"xilinx", ...],
          "AcceleratorNames": ["a100"|"v100"|"k80"|"t4"|"m60"|"radeon-pro-v520"|"vu9p", ...],
          "AcceleratorTotalMemoryMiB": {
            "Min": integer,
            "Max": integer
          },
          "NetworkBandwidthGbps": {
            "Min": double,
            "Max": double
          },
          "AllowedInstanceTypes": ["string", ...]
        }
      }
      ...
    ]
  },
  "InstancesDistribution": {
    "OnDemandAllocationStrategy": "string",
    "OnDemandBaseCapacity": integer,
    "OnDemandPercentageAboveBaseCapacity": integer,
    "SpotAllocationStrategy": "string",
    "SpotInstancePools": integer,
    "SpotMaxPrice": "string"
  }
}

--instance-id (string)

The ID of the instance used to base the launch configuration on. If specified, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses the configuration values from the specified instance to create a new launch configuration. To get the instance ID, use the Amazon EC2 DescribeInstances API operation. For more information, see Creating an Auto Scaling group using an EC2 instance in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

--min-size (integer)

The minimum size of the group.

--max-size (integer)

The maximum size of the group.

Note

With a mixed instances policy that uses instance weighting, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling may need to go above MaxSize to meet your capacity requirements. In this event, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling will never go above MaxSize by more than your largest instance weight (weights that define how many units each instance contributes to the desired capacity of the group).

--desired-capacity (integer)

The desired capacity is the initial capacity of the Auto Scaling group at the time of its creation and the capacity it attempts to maintain. It can scale beyond this capacity if you configure auto scaling. This number must be greater than or equal to the minimum size of the group and less than or equal to the maximum size of the group. If you do not specify a desired capacity, the default is the minimum size of the group.

--default-cooldown (integer)

Only needed if you use simple scaling policies.

The amount of time, in seconds, between one scaling activity ending and another one starting due to simple scaling policies. For more information, see Scaling cooldowns for Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

Default: 300 seconds

--availability-zones (list)

A list of Availability Zones where instances in the Auto Scaling group can be created. Used for launching into the default VPC subnet in each Availability Zone when not using the VPCZoneIdentifier property, or for attaching a network interface when an existing network interface ID is specified in a launch template.

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--load-balancer-names (list)

A list of Classic Load Balancers associated with this Auto Scaling group. For Application Load Balancers, Network Load Balancers, and Gateway Load Balancer, specify the TargetGroupARNs property instead.

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--target-group-arns (list)

The Amazon Resource Names (ARN) of the target groups to associate with the Auto Scaling group. Instances are registered as targets with the target groups. The target groups receive incoming traffic and route requests to one or more registered targets. For more information, see Use Elastic Load Balancing to distribute traffic across the instances in your Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--health-check-type (string)

The service to use for the health checks. The valid values are EC2 (default) and ELB . If you configure an Auto Scaling group to use load balancer (ELB) health checks, it considers the instance unhealthy if it fails either the EC2 status checks or the load balancer health checks. For more information, see Health checks for Auto Scaling instances in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

--health-check-grace-period (integer)

The amount of time, in seconds, that Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling waits before checking the health status of an EC2 instance that has come into service and marking it unhealthy due to a failed Elastic Load Balancing or custom health check. This is useful if your instances do not immediately pass these health checks after they enter the InService state. For more information, see Set the health check grace period for an Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

Default: 0 seconds

--placement-group (string)

The name of the placement group into which to launch your instances. For more information, see Placement groups in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances .

Note

A cluster placement group is a logical grouping of instances within a single Availability Zone. You cannot specify multiple Availability Zones and a cluster placement group.

--vpc-zone-identifier (string)

A comma-separated list of subnet IDs for a virtual private cloud (VPC) where instances in the Auto Scaling group can be created. If you specify VPCZoneIdentifier with AvailabilityZones , the subnets that you specify must reside in those Availability Zones.

--termination-policies (list)

A policy or a list of policies that are used to select the instance to terminate. These policies are executed in the order that you list them. For more information, see Work with Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling termination policies in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

Valid values: Default | AllocationStrategy | ClosestToNextInstanceHour | NewestInstance | OldestInstance | OldestLaunchConfiguration | OldestLaunchTemplate | arn:aws:lambda:region:account-id:function:my-function:my-alias

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--new-instances-protected-from-scale-in | --no-new-instances-protected-from-scale-in (boolean)

Indicates whether newly launched instances are protected from termination by Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling when scaling in. For more information about preventing instances from terminating on scale in, see Using instance scale-in protection in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

--capacity-rebalance | --no-capacity-rebalance (boolean)

Indicates whether Capacity Rebalancing is enabled. Otherwise, Capacity Rebalancing is disabled. When you turn on Capacity Rebalancing, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling attempts to launch a Spot Instance whenever Amazon EC2 notifies that a Spot Instance is at an elevated risk of interruption. After launching a new instance, it then terminates an old instance. For more information, see Use Capacity Rebalancing to handle Amazon EC2 Spot Interruptions in the in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

--lifecycle-hook-specification-list (list)

One or more lifecycle hooks to add to the Auto Scaling group before instances are launched.

(structure)

Describes information used to specify a lifecycle hook for an Auto Scaling group.

For more information, see Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling lifecycle hooks in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

LifecycleHookName -> (string)

The name of the lifecycle hook.

LifecycleTransition -> (string)

The lifecycle transition. For Auto Scaling groups, there are two major lifecycle transitions.

  • To create a lifecycle hook for scale-out events, specify autoscaling:EC2_INSTANCE_LAUNCHING .

  • To create a lifecycle hook for scale-in events, specify autoscaling:EC2_INSTANCE_TERMINATING .

NotificationMetadata -> (string)

Additional information that you want to include any time Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling sends a message to the notification target.

HeartbeatTimeout -> (integer)

The maximum time, in seconds, that can elapse before the lifecycle hook times out. The range is from 30 to 7200 seconds. The default value is 3600 seconds (1 hour).

DefaultResult -> (string)

The action the Auto Scaling group takes when the lifecycle hook timeout elapses or if an unexpected failure occurs. The default value is ABANDON .

Valid values: CONTINUE | ABANDON

NotificationTargetARN -> (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the notification target that Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling sends notifications to when an instance is in a wait state for the lifecycle hook. You can specify an Amazon SNS topic or an Amazon SQS queue.

RoleARN -> (string)

The ARN of the IAM role that allows the Auto Scaling group to publish to the specified notification target. For information about creating this role, see Configure a notification target for a lifecycle hook in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

Valid only if the notification target is an Amazon SNS topic or an Amazon SQS queue.

Shorthand Syntax:

LifecycleHookName=string,LifecycleTransition=string,NotificationMetadata=string,HeartbeatTimeout=integer,DefaultResult=string,NotificationTargetARN=string,RoleARN=string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "LifecycleHookName": "string",
    "LifecycleTransition": "string",
    "NotificationMetadata": "string",
    "HeartbeatTimeout": integer,
    "DefaultResult": "string",
    "NotificationTargetARN": "string",
    "RoleARN": "string"
  }
  ...
]

--tags (list)

One or more tags. You can tag your Auto Scaling group and propagate the tags to the Amazon EC2 instances it launches. Tags are not propagated to Amazon EBS volumes. To add tags to Amazon EBS volumes, specify the tags in a launch template but use caution. If the launch template specifies an instance tag with a key that is also specified for the Auto Scaling group, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling overrides the value of that instance tag with the value specified by the Auto Scaling group. For more information, see Tag Auto Scaling groups and instances in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

(structure)

Describes a tag for an Auto Scaling group.

ResourceId -> (string)

The name of the Auto Scaling group.

ResourceType -> (string)

The type of resource. The only supported value is auto-scaling-group .

Key -> (string)

The tag key.

Value -> (string)

The tag value.

PropagateAtLaunch -> (boolean)

Determines whether the tag is added to new instances as they are launched in the group.

Shorthand Syntax:

ResourceId=string,ResourceType=string,Key=string,Value=string,PropagateAtLaunch=boolean ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "ResourceId": "string",
    "ResourceType": "string",
    "Key": "string",
    "Value": "string",
    "PropagateAtLaunch": true|false
  }
  ...
]

--service-linked-role-arn (string)

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the service-linked role that the Auto Scaling group uses to call other Amazon Web Services service on your behalf. By default, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling uses a service-linked role named AWSServiceRoleForAutoScaling , which it creates if it does not exist. For more information, see Service-linked roles in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

--max-instance-lifetime (integer)

The maximum amount of time, in seconds, that an instance can be in service. The default is null. If specified, the value must be either 0 or a number equal to or greater than 86,400 seconds (1 day). For more information, see Replacing Auto Scaling instances based on maximum instance lifetime in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

--context (string)

Reserved.

--desired-capacity-type (string)

The unit of measurement for the value specified for desired capacity. Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling supports DesiredCapacityType for attribute-based instance type selection only. For more information, see Creating an Auto Scaling group using attribute-based instance type selection in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

By default, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling specifies units , which translates into number of instances.

Valid values: units | vcpu | memory-mib

--default-instance-warmup (integer)

The amount of time, in seconds, until a newly launched instance can contribute to the Amazon CloudWatch metrics. This delay lets an instance finish initializing before Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling aggregates instance metrics, resulting in more reliable usage data. Set this value equal to the amount of time that it takes for resource consumption to become stable after an instance reaches the InService state. For more information, see Set the default instance warmup for an Auto Scaling group in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide .

Warning

To manage your warm-up settings at the group level, we recommend that you set the default instance warmup, even if its value is set to 0 seconds . This also optimizes the performance of scaling policies that scale continuously, such as target tracking and step scaling policies.

If you need to remove a value that you previously set, include the property but specify -1 for the value. However, we strongly recommend keeping the default instance warmup enabled by specifying a minimum value of 0 .

Default: None

--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml (string) Reads arguments from the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, those values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally. This may not be specified along with --cli-input-yaml.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. Similarly, if provided yaml-input it will print a sample input YAML that can be used with --cli-input-yaml. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command. The generated JSON skeleton is not stable between versions of the AWS CLI and there are no backwards compatibility guarantees in the JSON skeleton generated.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command’s default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json

  • text

  • table

  • yaml

  • yaml-stream

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on

  • off

  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-binary-format (string)

The formatting style to be used for binary blobs. The default format is base64. The base64 format expects binary blobs to be provided as a base64 encoded string. The raw-in-base64-out format preserves compatibility with AWS CLI V1 behavior and binary values must be passed literally. When providing contents from a file that map to a binary blob fileb:// will always be treated as binary and use the file contents directly regardless of the cli-binary-format setting. When using file:// the file contents will need to properly formatted for the configured cli-binary-format.

  • base64

  • raw-in-base64-out

--no-cli-pager (boolean)

Disable cli pager for output.

--cli-auto-prompt (boolean)

Automatically prompt for CLI input parameters.

--no-cli-auto-prompt (boolean)

Disable automatically prompt for CLI input parameters.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal’s quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

Example 1: To create an Auto Scaling group

The following create-auto-scaling-group example creates an Auto Scaling group in subnets in multiple Availability Zones within a Region. The instances launch with the default version of the specified launch template. Note that defaults are used for most other settings, such as the termination policies and health check configuration.

aws autoscaling create-auto-scaling-group \
    --auto-scaling-group-name my-asg \
    --launch-template LaunchTemplateId=lt-1234567890abcde12 \
    --min-size 1 \
    --max-size 5 \
    --vpc-zone-identifier "subnet-5ea0c127,subnet-6194ea3b,subnet-c934b782"

This command produces no output.

For more information, see Auto Scaling groups in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Example 2: To attach an Application Load Balancer, Network Load Balancer, or Gateway Load Balancer

This example specifies the ARN of a target group for a load balancer that supports the expected traffic. The health check type specifies ELB so that when Elastic Load Balancing reports an instance as unhealthy, the Auto Scaling group replaces it. The command also defines a health check grace period of 600 seconds. The grace period helps prevent premature termination of newly launched instances.

aws autoscaling create-auto-scaling-group \
    --auto-scaling-group-name my-asg \
    --launch-template LaunchTemplateId=lt-1234567890abcde12 \
    --target-group-arns arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:us-west-2:123456789012:targetgroup/my-targets/943f017f100becff \
    --health-check-type ELB \
    --health-check-grace-period 600 \
    --min-size 1 \
    --max-size 5 \
    --vpc-zone-identifier "subnet-5ea0c127,subnet-6194ea3b,subnet-c934b782"

This command produces no output.

For more information, see Elastic Load Balancing and Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Example 3: To specify a placement group and use the latest version of the launch template

This example launches instances into a placement group within a single Availability Zone. This can be useful for low-latency groups with HPC workloads. This example also specifies the minimum size, maximum size, and desired capacity of the group.

aws autoscaling create-auto-scaling-group \
    --auto-scaling-group-name my-asg \
    --launch-template LaunchTemplateId=lt-1234567890abcde12,Version='$Latest' \
    --min-size 1 \
    --max-size 5 \
    --desired-capacity 3 \
    --placement-group my-placement-group \
    --vpc-zone-identifier "subnet-6194ea3b"

This command produces no output.

For more information, see Placement groups in the Amazon EC2 User Guide for Linux Instances.

Example 4: To specify a single instance Auto Scaling group and use a specific version of the launch template

This example creates an Auto Scaling group with minimum and maximum capacity set to 1 to enforce that one instance will be running. The command also specifies v1 of a launch template in which the ID of an existing ENI is specified. When you use a launch template that specifies an existing ENI for eth0, you must specify an Availability Zone for the Auto Scaling group that matches the network interface, without also specifying a subnet ID in the request.

aws autoscaling create-auto-scaling-group \
    --auto-scaling-group-name my-asg-single-instance \
    --launch-template LaunchTemplateName=my-template-for-auto-scaling,Version='1' \
    --min-size 1 \
    --max-size 1 \
    --availability-zones us-west-2a

This command produces no output.

For more information, see Auto Scaling groups in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Example 5: To specify a different termination policy

This example creates an Auto Scaling group using a launch configuration and sets the termination policy to terminate the oldest instances first. The command also applies a tag to the group and its instances, with a key of Role and a value of WebServer.

aws autoscaling create-auto-scaling-group \
    --auto-scaling-group-name my-asg \
    --launch-configuration-name my-lc \
    --min-size 1 \
    --max-size 5 \
    --termination-policies "OldestInstance" \
    --tags "ResourceId=my-asg,ResourceType=auto-scaling-group,Key=Role,Value=WebServer,PropagateAtLaunch=true" \
    --vpc-zone-identifier "subnet-5ea0c127,subnet-6194ea3b,subnet-c934b782"

This command produces no output.

For more information, see Working with Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling termination policies in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Example 6: To specify a launch lifecycle hook

This example creates an Auto Scaling group with a lifecycle hook that supports a custom action at instance launch.

aws autoscaling create-auto-scaling-group \
    --cli-input-json file://~/config.json

Contents of config.json file:

{
    "AutoScalingGroupName": "my-asg",
    "LaunchTemplate": {
        "LaunchTemplateId": "lt-1234567890abcde12"
    },
    "LifecycleHookSpecificationList": [{
        "LifecycleHookName": "my-launch-hook",
        "LifecycleTransition": "autoscaling:EC2_INSTANCE_LAUNCHING",
        "NotificationTargetARN": "arn:aws:sqs:us-west-2:123456789012:my-sqs-queue",
        "RoleARN": "arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/my-notification-role",
        "NotificationMetadata": "SQS message metadata",
        "HeartbeatTimeout": 4800,
        "DefaultResult": "ABANDON"
    }],
    "MinSize": 1,
    "MaxSize": 5,
    "VPCZoneIdentifier": "subnet-5ea0c127,subnet-6194ea3b,subnet-c934b782",
    "Tags": [{
        "ResourceType": "auto-scaling-group",
        "ResourceId": "my-asg",
        "PropagateAtLaunch": true,
        "Value": "test",
        "Key": "environment"
    }]
}

This command produces no output.

For more information, see Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling lifecycle hooks in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Example 7: To specify a termination lifecycle hook

This example creates an Auto Scaling group with a lifecycle hook that supports a custom action at instance termination.

aws autoscaling create-auto-scaling-group \
    --cli-input-json file://~/config.json

Contents of config.json:

{
    "AutoScalingGroupName": "my-asg",
    "LaunchTemplate": {
        "LaunchTemplateId": "lt-1234567890abcde12"
    },
    "LifecycleHookSpecificationList": [{
        "LifecycleHookName": "my-termination-hook",
        "LifecycleTransition": "autoscaling:EC2_INSTANCE_TERMINATING",
        "HeartbeatTimeout": 120,
        "DefaultResult": "CONTINUE"
    }],
    "MinSize": 1,
    "MaxSize": 5,
    "TargetGroupARNs": [
        "arn:aws:elasticloadbalancing:us-west-2:123456789012:targetgroup/my-targets/73e2d6bc24d8a067"
    ],
    "VPCZoneIdentifier": "subnet-5ea0c127,subnet-6194ea3b,subnet-c934b782"
}

This command produces no output.

For more information, see Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling lifecycle hooks in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Example 8: To specify a custom termination policy

This example creates an Auto Scaling group that specifies a custom Lambda function termination policy that tells Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling which instances are safe to terminate on scale in.

aws autoscaling create-auto-scaling-group \
    --auto-scaling-group-name my-asg-single-instance \
    --launch-template LaunchTemplateName=my-template-for-auto-scaling \
    --min-size 1 \
    --max-size 5 \
    --termination-policies "arn:aws:lambda:us-west-2:123456789012:function:HelloFunction:prod" \
    --vpc-zone-identifier "subnet-5ea0c127,subnet-6194ea3b,subnet-c934b782"

This command produces no output.

For more information, see Creating a custom termination policy with Lambda in the Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling User Guide.

Output

None