[ aws . ec2 ]

describe-images

Description

Describes the specified images (AMIs, AKIs, and ARIs) available to you or all of the images available to you.

The images available to you include public images, private images that you own, and private images owned by other Amazon Web Services accounts for which you have explicit launch permissions.

Recently deregistered images appear in the returned results for a short interval and then return empty results. After all instances that reference a deregistered AMI are terminated, specifying the ID of the image will eventually return an error indicating that the AMI ID cannot be found.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  describe-images
[--executable-users <value>]
[--filters <value>]
[--image-ids <value>]
[--owners <value>]
[--include-deprecated | --no-include-deprecated]
[--dry-run | --no-dry-run]
[--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]
[--cli-binary-format <value>]
[--no-cli-pager]
[--cli-auto-prompt]
[--no-cli-auto-prompt]

Options

--executable-users (list)

Scopes the images by users with explicit launch permissions. Specify an Amazon Web Services account ID, self (the sender of the request), or all (public AMIs).

  • If you specify an Amazon Web Services account ID that is not your own, only AMIs shared with that specific Amazon Web Services account ID are returned. However, AMIs that are shared with the account’s organization or organizational unit (OU) are not returned.

  • If you specify self or your own Amazon Web Services account ID, AMIs shared with your account are returned. In addition, AMIs that are shared with the organization or OU of which you are member are also returned.

  • If you specify all , all public AMIs are returned.

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--filters (list)

The filters.

  • architecture - The image architecture (i386 | x86_64 | arm64 ).

  • block-device-mapping.delete-on-termination - A Boolean value that indicates whether the Amazon EBS volume is deleted on instance termination.

  • block-device-mapping.device-name - The device name specified in the block device mapping (for example, /dev/sdh or xvdh ).

  • block-device-mapping.snapshot-id - The ID of the snapshot used for the Amazon EBS volume.

  • block-device-mapping.volume-size - The volume size of the Amazon EBS volume, in GiB.

  • block-device-mapping.volume-type - The volume type of the Amazon EBS volume (io1 | io2 | gp2 | gp3 | sc1 | st1 | standard ).

  • block-device-mapping.encrypted - A Boolean that indicates whether the Amazon EBS volume is encrypted.

  • creation-date - The time when the image was created, in the ISO 8601 format in the UTC time zone (YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.sssZ), for example, 2021-09-29T11:04:43.305Z . You can use a wildcard (* ), for example, 2021-09-29T* , which matches an entire day.

  • description - The description of the image (provided during image creation).

  • ena-support - A Boolean that indicates whether enhanced networking with ENA is enabled.

  • hypervisor - The hypervisor type (ovm | xen ).

  • image-id - The ID of the image.

  • image-type - The image type (machine | kernel | ramdisk ).

  • is-public - A Boolean that indicates whether the image is public.

  • kernel-id - The kernel ID.

  • manifest-location - The location of the image manifest.

  • name - The name of the AMI (provided during image creation).

  • owner-alias - The owner alias (amazon | aws-marketplace ). The valid aliases are defined in an Amazon-maintained list. This is not the Amazon Web Services account alias that can be set using the IAM console. We recommend that you use the Owner request parameter instead of this filter.

  • owner-id - The Amazon Web Services account ID of the owner. We recommend that you use the Owner request parameter instead of this filter.

  • platform - The platform. To only list Windows-based AMIs, use windows .

  • product-code - The product code.

  • product-code.type - The type of the product code (marketplace ).

  • ramdisk-id - The RAM disk ID.

  • root-device-name - The device name of the root device volume (for example, /dev/sda1 ).

  • root-device-type - The type of the root device volume (ebs | instance-store ).

  • state - The state of the image (available | pending | failed ).

  • state-reason-code - The reason code for the state change.

  • state-reason-message - The message for the state change.

  • sriov-net-support - A value of simple indicates that enhanced networking with the Intel 82599 VF interface is enabled.

  • tag :<key> - The key/value combination of a tag assigned to the resource. Use the tag key in the filter name and the tag value as the filter value. For example, to find all resources that have a tag with the key Owner and the value TeamA , specify tag:Owner for the filter name and TeamA for the filter value.

  • tag-key - The key of a tag assigned to the resource. Use this filter to find all resources assigned a tag with a specific key, regardless of the tag value.

  • virtualization-type - The virtualization type (paravirtual | hvm ).

(structure)

A filter name and value pair that is used to return a more specific list of results from a describe operation. Filters can be used to match a set of resources by specific criteria, such as tags, attributes, or IDs.

If you specify multiple filters, the filters are joined with an AND , and the request returns only results that match all of the specified filters.

Name -> (string)

The name of the filter. Filter names are case-sensitive.

Values -> (list)

The filter values. Filter values are case-sensitive. If you specify multiple values for a filter, the values are joined with an OR , and the request returns all results that match any of the specified values.

(string)

Shorthand Syntax:

Name=string,Values=string,string ...

JSON Syntax:

[
  {
    "Name": "string",
    "Values": ["string", ...]
  }
  ...
]

--image-ids (list)

The image IDs.

Default: Describes all images available to you.

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--owners (list)

Scopes the results to images with the specified owners. You can specify a combination of Amazon Web Services account IDs, self , amazon , and aws-marketplace . If you omit this parameter, the results include all images for which you have launch permissions, regardless of ownership.

(string)

Syntax:

"string" "string" ...

--include-deprecated | --no-include-deprecated (boolean)

Specifies whether to include deprecated AMIs.

Default: No deprecated AMIs are included in the response.

Note

If you are the AMI owner, all deprecated AMIs appear in the response regardless of what you specify for this parameter.

--dry-run | --no-dry-run (boolean)

Checks whether you have the required permissions for the action, without actually making the request, and provides an error response. If you have the required permissions, the error response is DryRunOperation . Otherwise, it is UnauthorizedOperation .

--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml (string) Reads arguments from the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, those values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally. This may not be specified along with --cli-input-yaml.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. Similarly, if provided yaml-input it will print a sample input YAML that can be used with --cli-input-yaml. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command. The generated JSON skeleton is not stable between versions of the AWS CLI and there are no backwards compatibility guarantees in the JSON skeleton generated.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command’s default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json

  • text

  • table

  • yaml

  • yaml-stream

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on

  • off

  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-binary-format (string)

The formatting style to be used for binary blobs. The default format is base64. The base64 format expects binary blobs to be provided as a base64 encoded string. The raw-in-base64-out format preserves compatibility with AWS CLI V1 behavior and binary values must be passed literally. When providing contents from a file that map to a binary blob fileb:// will always be treated as binary and use the file contents directly regardless of the cli-binary-format setting. When using file:// the file contents will need to properly formatted for the configured cli-binary-format.

  • base64

  • raw-in-base64-out

--no-cli-pager (boolean)

Disable cli pager for output.

--cli-auto-prompt (boolean)

Automatically prompt for CLI input parameters.

--no-cli-auto-prompt (boolean)

Disable automatically prompt for CLI input parameters.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal’s quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

Example 1: To describe an AMI

The following describe-images example describes the specified AMI in the specified Region.

aws ec2 describe-images \
    --region us-east-1 \
    --image-ids ami-1234567890EXAMPLE

Output:

{
    "Images": [
        {
            "VirtualizationType": "hvm",
            "Description": "Provided by Red Hat, Inc.",
            "PlatformDetails": "Red Hat Enterprise Linux",
            "EnaSupport": true,
            "Hypervisor": "xen",
            "State": "available",
            "SriovNetSupport": "simple",
            "ImageId": "ami-1234567890EXAMPLE",
            "UsageOperation": "RunInstances:0010",
            "BlockDeviceMappings": [
                {
                    "DeviceName": "/dev/sda1",
                    "Ebs": {
                        "SnapshotId": "snap-111222333444aaabb",
                        "DeleteOnTermination": true,
                        "VolumeType": "gp2",
                        "VolumeSize": 10,
                        "Encrypted": false
                    }
                }
            ],
            "Architecture": "x86_64",
            "ImageLocation": "123456789012/RHEL-8.0.0_HVM-20190618-x86_64-1-Hourly2-GP2",
            "RootDeviceType": "ebs",
            "OwnerId": "123456789012",
            "RootDeviceName": "/dev/sda1",
            "CreationDate": "2019-05-10T13:17:12.000Z",
            "Public": true,
            "ImageType": "machine",
            "Name": "RHEL-8.0.0_HVM-20190618-x86_64-1-Hourly2-GP2"
        }
    ]
}

For more information, see Amazon Machine Images (AMI) in the Amazon EC2 User Guide.

Example 2: To describe AMIs based on filters

The following describe-images example describes Windows AMIs provided by Amazon that are backed by Amazon EBS.

aws ec2 describe-images \
    --owners amazon \
    --filters "Name=platform,Values=windows" "Name=root-device-type,Values=ebs"

For an example of the output for describe-images, see Example 1.

For additional examples using filters, see Listing and filtering your resources in the Amazon EC2 User Guide.

Example 3: To describe AMIs based on tags

The following describe-images example describes all AMIs that have the tag Type=Custom. The example uses the --query parameter to display only the AMI IDs.

aws ec2 describe-images \
    --filters "Name=tag:Type,Values=Custom" \
    --query 'Images[*].[ImageId]' \
    --output text

Output:

ami-1234567890EXAMPLE
ami-0abcdef1234567890

For additional examples using tag filters, see Working with tags in the Amazon EC2 User Guide.

Output

Images -> (list)

Information about the images.

(structure)

Describes an image.

Architecture -> (string)

The architecture of the image.

CreationDate -> (string)

The date and time the image was created.

ImageId -> (string)

The ID of the AMI.

ImageLocation -> (string)

The location of the AMI.

ImageType -> (string)

The type of image.

Public -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the image has public launch permissions. The value is true if this image has public launch permissions or false if it has only implicit and explicit launch permissions.

KernelId -> (string)

The kernel associated with the image, if any. Only applicable for machine images.

OwnerId -> (string)

The ID of the Amazon Web Services account that owns the image.

Platform -> (string)

This value is set to windows for Windows AMIs; otherwise, it is blank.

PlatformDetails -> (string)

The platform details associated with the billing code of the AMI. For more information, see Understanding AMI billing in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .

UsageOperation -> (string)

The operation of the Amazon EC2 instance and the billing code that is associated with the AMI. usageOperation corresponds to the lineitem/Operation column on your Amazon Web Services Cost and Usage Report and in the Amazon Web Services Price List API . You can view these fields on the Instances or AMIs pages in the Amazon EC2 console, or in the responses that are returned by the DescribeImages command in the Amazon EC2 API, or the describe-images command in the CLI.

ProductCodes -> (list)

Any product codes associated with the AMI.

(structure)

Describes a product code.

ProductCodeId -> (string)

The product code.

ProductCodeType -> (string)

The type of product code.

RamdiskId -> (string)

The RAM disk associated with the image, if any. Only applicable for machine images.

State -> (string)

The current state of the AMI. If the state is available , the image is successfully registered and can be used to launch an instance.

BlockDeviceMappings -> (list)

Any block device mapping entries.

(structure)

Describes a block device mapping, which defines the EBS volumes and instance store volumes to attach to an instance at launch.

DeviceName -> (string)

The device name (for example, /dev/sdh or xvdh ).

VirtualName -> (string)

The virtual device name (ephemeral N). Instance store volumes are numbered starting from 0. An instance type with 2 available instance store volumes can specify mappings for ephemeral0 and ephemeral1 . The number of available instance store volumes depends on the instance type. After you connect to the instance, you must mount the volume.

NVMe instance store volumes are automatically enumerated and assigned a device name. Including them in your block device mapping has no effect.

Constraints: For M3 instances, you must specify instance store volumes in the block device mapping for the instance. When you launch an M3 instance, we ignore any instance store volumes specified in the block device mapping for the AMI.

Ebs -> (structure)

Parameters used to automatically set up EBS volumes when the instance is launched.

DeleteOnTermination -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the EBS volume is deleted on instance termination. For more information, see Preserving Amazon EBS volumes on instance termination in the Amazon EC2 User Guide .

Iops -> (integer)

The number of I/O operations per second (IOPS). For gp3 , io1 , and io2 volumes, this represents the number of IOPS that are provisioned for the volume. For gp2 volumes, this represents the baseline performance of the volume and the rate at which the volume accumulates I/O credits for bursting.

The following are the supported values for each volume type:

  • gp3 : 3,000-16,000 IOPS

  • io1 : 100-64,000 IOPS

  • io2 : 100-64,000 IOPS

For io1 and io2 volumes, we guarantee 64,000 IOPS only for Instances built on the Nitro System . Other instance families guarantee performance up to 32,000 IOPS.

This parameter is required for io1 and io2 volumes. The default for gp3 volumes is 3,000 IOPS. This parameter is not supported for gp2 , st1 , sc1 , or standard volumes.

SnapshotId -> (string)

The ID of the snapshot.

VolumeSize -> (integer)

The size of the volume, in GiBs. You must specify either a snapshot ID or a volume size. If you specify a snapshot, the default is the snapshot size. You can specify a volume size that is equal to or larger than the snapshot size.

The following are the supported volumes sizes for each volume type:

  • gp2 and gp3 :1-16,384

  • io1 and io2 : 4-16,384

  • st1 and sc1 : 125-16,384

  • standard : 1-1,024

VolumeType -> (string)

The volume type. For more information, see Amazon EBS volume types in the Amazon EC2 User Guide . If the volume type is io1 or io2 , you must specify the IOPS that the volume supports.

KmsKeyId -> (string)

Identifier (key ID, key alias, ID ARN, or alias ARN) for a customer managed CMK under which the EBS volume is encrypted.

This parameter is only supported on BlockDeviceMapping objects called by RunInstances , RequestSpotFleet , and RequestSpotInstances .

Throughput -> (integer)

The throughput that the volume supports, in MiB/s.

This parameter is valid only for gp3 volumes.

Valid Range: Minimum value of 125. Maximum value of 1000.

OutpostArn -> (string)

The ARN of the Outpost on which the snapshot is stored.

This parameter is only supported on BlockDeviceMapping objects called by CreateImage .

Encrypted -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the encryption state of an EBS volume is changed while being restored from a backing snapshot. The effect of setting the encryption state to true depends on the volume origin (new or from a snapshot), starting encryption state, ownership, and whether encryption by default is enabled. For more information, see Amazon EBS encryption in the Amazon EC2 User Guide .

In no case can you remove encryption from an encrypted volume.

Encrypted volumes can only be attached to instances that support Amazon EBS encryption. For more information, see Supported instance types .

This parameter is not returned by DescribeImageAttribute .

NoDevice -> (string)

To omit the device from the block device mapping, specify an empty string. When this property is specified, the device is removed from the block device mapping regardless of the assigned value.

Description -> (string)

The description of the AMI that was provided during image creation.

EnaSupport -> (boolean)

Specifies whether enhanced networking with ENA is enabled.

Hypervisor -> (string)

The hypervisor type of the image.

ImageOwnerAlias -> (string)

The Amazon Web Services account alias (for example, amazon , self ) or the Amazon Web Services account ID of the AMI owner.

Name -> (string)

The name of the AMI that was provided during image creation.

RootDeviceName -> (string)

The device name of the root device volume (for example, /dev/sda1 ).

RootDeviceType -> (string)

The type of root device used by the AMI. The AMI can use an Amazon EBS volume or an instance store volume.

SriovNetSupport -> (string)

Specifies whether enhanced networking with the Intel 82599 Virtual Function interface is enabled.

StateReason -> (structure)

The reason for the state change.

Code -> (string)

The reason code for the state change.

Message -> (string)

The message for the state change.

  • Server.InsufficientInstanceCapacity : There was insufficient capacity available to satisfy the launch request.

  • Server.InternalError : An internal error caused the instance to terminate during launch.

  • Server.ScheduledStop : The instance was stopped due to a scheduled retirement.

  • Server.SpotInstanceShutdown : The instance was stopped because the number of Spot requests with a maximum price equal to or higher than the Spot price exceeded available capacity or because of an increase in the Spot price.

  • Server.SpotInstanceTermination : The instance was terminated because the number of Spot requests with a maximum price equal to or higher than the Spot price exceeded available capacity or because of an increase in the Spot price.

  • Client.InstanceInitiatedShutdown : The instance was shut down using the shutdown -h command from the instance.

  • Client.InstanceTerminated : The instance was terminated or rebooted during AMI creation.

  • Client.InternalError : A client error caused the instance to terminate during launch.

  • Client.InvalidSnapshot.NotFound : The specified snapshot was not found.

  • Client.UserInitiatedHibernate : Hibernation was initiated on the instance.

  • Client.UserInitiatedShutdown : The instance was shut down using the Amazon EC2 API.

  • Client.VolumeLimitExceeded : The limit on the number of EBS volumes or total storage was exceeded. Decrease usage or request an increase in your account limits.

Tags -> (list)

Any tags assigned to the image.

(structure)

Describes a tag.

Key -> (string)

The key of the tag.

Constraints: Tag keys are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 127 Unicode characters. May not begin with aws: .

Value -> (string)

The value of the tag.

Constraints: Tag values are case-sensitive and accept a maximum of 256 Unicode characters.

VirtualizationType -> (string)

The type of virtualization of the AMI.

BootMode -> (string)

The boot mode of the image. For more information, see Boot modes in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .

TpmSupport -> (string)

If the image is configured for NitroTPM support, the value is v2.0 . For more information, see NitroTPM in the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud User Guide .

DeprecationTime -> (string)

The date and time to deprecate the AMI, in UTC, in the following format: YYYY -MM -DD T*HH* :MM :SS Z. If you specified a value for seconds, Amazon EC2 rounds the seconds to the nearest minute.