[ aws . kms ]

enable-key-rotation

Description

Enables automatic rotation of the key material of the specified symmetric encryption KMS key.

By default, when you enable automatic rotation of a customer managed KMS key , KMS rotates the key material of the KMS key one year (approximately 365 days) from the enable date and every year thereafter. You can use the optional RotationPeriodInDays parameter to specify a custom rotation period when you enable key rotation, or you can use RotationPeriodInDays to modify the rotation period of a key that you previously enabled automatic key rotation on.

You can monitor rotation of the key material for your KMS keys in CloudTrail and Amazon CloudWatch. To disable rotation of the key material in a customer managed KMS key, use the DisableKeyRotation operation. You can use the GetKeyRotationStatus operation to identify any in progress rotations. You can use the ListKeyRotations operation to view the details of completed rotations.

Automatic key rotation is supported only on symmetric encryption KMS keys . You cannot enable automatic rotation of asymmetric KMS keys , HMAC KMS keys , KMS keys with imported key material , or KMS keys in a custom key store . To enable or disable automatic rotation of a set of related multi-Region keys , set the property on the primary key.

You cannot enable or disable automatic rotation of Amazon Web Services managed KMS keys . KMS always rotates the key material of Amazon Web Services managed keys every year. Rotation of Amazon Web Services owned KMS keys is managed by the Amazon Web Services service that owns the key.

Note

In May 2022, KMS changed the rotation schedule for Amazon Web Services managed keys from every three years (approximately 1,095 days) to every year (approximately 365 days).

New Amazon Web Services managed keys are automatically rotated one year after they are created, and approximately every year thereafter.

Existing Amazon Web Services managed keys are automatically rotated one year after their most recent rotation, and every year thereafter.

The KMS key that you use for this operation must be in a compatible key state. For details, see Key states of KMS keys in the Key Management Service Developer Guide .

Cross-account use : No. You cannot perform this operation on a KMS key in a different Amazon Web Services account.

Required permissions : kms:EnableKeyRotation (key policy)

Related operations:

  • DisableKeyRotation
  • GetKeyRotationStatus
  • ListKeyRotations
  • RotateKeyOnDemand

Note

You can perform on-demand ( RotateKeyOnDemand ) rotation of the key material in customer managed KMS keys, regardless of whether or not automatic key rotation is enabled.

Eventual consistency : The KMS API follows an eventual consistency model. For more information, see KMS eventual consistency .

See also: AWS API Documentation

Synopsis

  enable-key-rotation
--key-id <value>
[--rotation-period-in-days <value>]
[--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]
[--debug]
[--endpoint-url <value>]
[--no-verify-ssl]
[--no-paginate]
[--output <value>]
[--query <value>]
[--profile <value>]
[--region <value>]
[--version <value>]
[--color <value>]
[--no-sign-request]
[--ca-bundle <value>]
[--cli-read-timeout <value>]
[--cli-connect-timeout <value>]
[--cli-binary-format <value>]
[--no-cli-pager]
[--cli-auto-prompt]
[--no-cli-auto-prompt]

Options

--key-id (string)

Identifies a symmetric encryption KMS key. You cannot enable automatic rotation of asymmetric KMS keys , HMAC KMS keys , KMS keys with imported key material , or KMS keys in a custom key store . To enable or disable automatic rotation of a set of related multi-Region keys , set the property on the primary key.

Specify the key ID or key ARN of the KMS key.

For example:

  • Key ID: 1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab
  • Key ARN: arn:aws:kms:us-east-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab

To get the key ID and key ARN for a KMS key, use ListKeys or DescribeKey .

--rotation-period-in-days (integer)

Use this parameter to specify a custom period of time between each rotation date. If no value is specified, the default value is 365 days.

The rotation period defines the number of days after you enable automatic key rotation that KMS will rotate your key material, and the number of days between each automatic rotation thereafter.

You can use the ` kms:RotationPeriodInDays https://docs.aws.amazon.com/kms/latest/developerguide/conditions-kms.html#conditions-kms-rotation-period-in-days`__ condition key to further constrain the values that principals can specify in the RotationPeriodInDays parameter.

--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml (string) Reads arguments from the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, those values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally. This may not be specified along with --cli-input-yaml.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. Similarly, if provided yaml-input it will print a sample input YAML that can be used with --cli-input-yaml. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command. The generated JSON skeleton is not stable between versions of the AWS CLI and there are no backwards compatibility guarantees in the JSON skeleton generated.

Global Options

--debug (boolean)

Turn on debug logging.

--endpoint-url (string)

Override command’s default URL with the given URL.

--no-verify-ssl (boolean)

By default, the AWS CLI uses SSL when communicating with AWS services. For each SSL connection, the AWS CLI will verify SSL certificates. This option overrides the default behavior of verifying SSL certificates.

--no-paginate (boolean)

Disable automatic pagination.

--output (string)

The formatting style for command output.

  • json
  • text
  • table
  • yaml
  • yaml-stream

--query (string)

A JMESPath query to use in filtering the response data.

--profile (string)

Use a specific profile from your credential file.

--region (string)

The region to use. Overrides config/env settings.

--version (string)

Display the version of this tool.

--color (string)

Turn on/off color output.

  • on
  • off
  • auto

--no-sign-request (boolean)

Do not sign requests. Credentials will not be loaded if this argument is provided.

--ca-bundle (string)

The CA certificate bundle to use when verifying SSL certificates. Overrides config/env settings.

--cli-read-timeout (int)

The maximum socket read time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket read will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-connect-timeout (int)

The maximum socket connect time in seconds. If the value is set to 0, the socket connect will be blocking and not timeout. The default value is 60 seconds.

--cli-binary-format (string)

The formatting style to be used for binary blobs. The default format is base64. The base64 format expects binary blobs to be provided as a base64 encoded string. The raw-in-base64-out format preserves compatibility with AWS CLI V1 behavior and binary values must be passed literally. When providing contents from a file that map to a binary blob fileb:// will always be treated as binary and use the file contents directly regardless of the cli-binary-format setting. When using file:// the file contents will need to properly formatted for the configured cli-binary-format.

  • base64
  • raw-in-base64-out

--no-cli-pager (boolean)

Disable cli pager for output.

--cli-auto-prompt (boolean)

Automatically prompt for CLI input parameters.

--no-cli-auto-prompt (boolean)

Disable automatically prompt for CLI input parameters.

Examples

Note

To use the following examples, you must have the AWS CLI installed and configured. See the Getting started guide in the AWS CLI User Guide for more information.

Unless otherwise stated, all examples have unix-like quotation rules. These examples will need to be adapted to your terminal’s quoting rules. See Using quotation marks with strings in the AWS CLI User Guide .

To enable automatic rotation of a KMS key

The following enable-key-rotation example enables automatic rotation of a customer managed KMS key with a rotation period of 180 days. The KMS key will be rotated one year (approximate 365 days) from the date that this command completes and every year thereafter.

  • The --key-id parameter identifies the KMS key. This example uses a key ARN value, but you can use either the key ID or the ARN of the KMS key.
  • The --rotation-period-in-days parameter specifies the number of days between each rotation date. Specify a value between 90 and 2560 days. If no value is specified, the default value is 365 days.
aws kms enable-key-rotation \
    --key-id arn:aws:kms:us-west-2:111122223333:key/1234abcd-12ab-34cd-56ef-1234567890ab \
    --rotation-period-in-days 180

This command produces no output. To verify that the KMS key is enabled, use the get-key-rotation-status command.

For more information, see Rotating keys in the AWS Key Management Service Developer Guide.

Output

None