[ aws . ssm ]

get-deployable-patch-snapshot-for-instance

Description

Retrieves the current snapshot for the patch baseline the instance uses. This API is primarily used by the AWS-RunPatchBaseline Systems Manager document (SSM document).

Note

If you run the command locally, such as with the Command Line Interface (CLI), the system attempts to use your local AWS credentials and the operation fails. To avoid this, you can run the command in the Amazon Web Services Systems Manager console. Use Run Command, a capability of Amazon Web Services Systems Manager, with an SSM document that enables you to target an instance with a script or command. For example, run the command using the AWS-RunShellScript document or the AWS-RunPowerShellScript document.

See also: AWS API Documentation

See ‘aws help’ for descriptions of global parameters.

Synopsis

  get-deployable-patch-snapshot-for-instance
--instance-id <value>
--snapshot-id <value>
[--baseline-override <value>]
[--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml]
[--generate-cli-skeleton <value>]

Options

--instance-id (string)

The ID of the instance for which the appropriate patch snapshot should be retrieved.

--snapshot-id (string)

The snapshot ID provided by the user when running AWS-RunPatchBaseline .

--baseline-override (structure)

Defines the basic information about a patch baseline override.

OperatingSystem -> (string)

The operating system rule used by the patch baseline override.

GlobalFilters -> (structure)

A set of patch filters, typically used for approval rules.

PatchFilters -> (list)

The set of patch filters that make up the group.

(structure)

Defines which patches should be included in a patch baseline.

A patch filter consists of a key and a set of values. The filter key is a patch property. For example, the available filter keys for WINDOWS are PATCH_SET , PRODUCT , PRODUCT_FAMILY , CLASSIFICATION , and MSRC_SEVERITY .

The filter values define a matching criterion for the patch property indicated by the key. For example, if the filter key is PRODUCT and the filter values are ["Office 2013", "Office 2016"] , then the filter accepts all patches where product name is either “Office 2013” or “Office 2016”. The filter values can be exact values for the patch property given as a key, or a wildcard (*), which matches all values.

You can view lists of valid values for the patch properties by running the DescribePatchProperties command. For information about which patch properties can be used with each major operating system, see DescribePatchProperties .

Key -> (string)

The key for the filter.

Run the DescribePatchProperties command to view lists of valid keys for each operating system type.

Values -> (list)

The value for the filter key.

Run the DescribePatchProperties command to view lists of valid values for each key based on operating system type.

(string)

ApprovalRules -> (structure)

A set of rules defining the approval rules for a patch baseline.

PatchRules -> (list)

The rules that make up the rule group.

(structure)

Defines an approval rule for a patch baseline.

PatchFilterGroup -> (structure)

The patch filter group that defines the criteria for the rule.

PatchFilters -> (list)

The set of patch filters that make up the group.

(structure)

Defines which patches should be included in a patch baseline.

A patch filter consists of a key and a set of values. The filter key is a patch property. For example, the available filter keys for WINDOWS are PATCH_SET , PRODUCT , PRODUCT_FAMILY , CLASSIFICATION , and MSRC_SEVERITY .

The filter values define a matching criterion for the patch property indicated by the key. For example, if the filter key is PRODUCT and the filter values are ["Office 2013", "Office 2016"] , then the filter accepts all patches where product name is either “Office 2013” or “Office 2016”. The filter values can be exact values for the patch property given as a key, or a wildcard (*), which matches all values.

You can view lists of valid values for the patch properties by running the DescribePatchProperties command. For information about which patch properties can be used with each major operating system, see DescribePatchProperties .

Key -> (string)

The key for the filter.

Run the DescribePatchProperties command to view lists of valid keys for each operating system type.

Values -> (list)

The value for the filter key.

Run the DescribePatchProperties command to view lists of valid values for each key based on operating system type.

(string)

ComplianceLevel -> (string)

A compliance severity level for all approved patches in a patch baseline.

ApproveAfterDays -> (integer)

The number of days after the release date of each patch matched by the rule that the patch is marked as approved in the patch baseline. For example, a value of 7 means that patches are approved seven days after they are released. Not supported on Debian Server or Ubuntu Server.

ApproveUntilDate -> (string)

The cutoff date for auto approval of released patches. Any patches released on or before this date are installed automatically. Not supported on Debian Server or Ubuntu Server.

Enter dates in the format YYYY-MM-DD . For example, 2021-12-31 .

EnableNonSecurity -> (boolean)

For instances identified by the approval rule filters, enables a patch baseline to apply non-security updates available in the specified repository. The default value is false . Applies to Linux instances only.

ApprovedPatches -> (list)

A list of explicitly approved patches for the baseline.

For information about accepted formats for lists of approved patches and rejected patches, see About package name formats for approved and rejected patch lists in the Amazon Web Services Systems Manager User Guide .

(string)

ApprovedPatchesComplianceLevel -> (string)

Defines the compliance level for approved patches. When an approved patch is reported as missing, this value describes the severity of the compliance violation.

RejectedPatches -> (list)

A list of explicitly rejected patches for the baseline.

For information about accepted formats for lists of approved patches and rejected patches, see About package name formats for approved and rejected patch lists in the Amazon Web Services Systems Manager User Guide .

(string)

RejectedPatchesAction -> (string)

The action for Patch Manager to take on patches included in the RejectedPackages list. A patch can be allowed only if it is a dependency of another package, or blocked entirely along with packages that include it as a dependency.

ApprovedPatchesEnableNonSecurity -> (boolean)

Indicates whether the list of approved patches includes non-security updates that should be applied to the instances. The default value is false . Applies to Linux instances only.

Sources -> (list)

Information about the patches to use to update the instances, including target operating systems and source repositories. Applies to Linux instances only.

(structure)

Information about the patches to use to update the instances, including target operating systems and source repository. Applies to Linux instances only.

Name -> (string)

The name specified to identify the patch source.

Products -> (list)

The specific operating system versions a patch repository applies to, such as “Ubuntu16.04”, “AmazonLinux2016.09”, “RedhatEnterpriseLinux7.2” or “Suse12.7”. For lists of supported product values, see PatchFilter .

(string)

Configuration -> (string)

The value of the yum repo configuration. For example:

[main]

name=MyCustomRepository

baseurl=https://my-custom-repository

enabled=1

Note

For information about other options available for your yum repository configuration, see dnf.conf(5) .

JSON Syntax:

{
  "OperatingSystem": "WINDOWS"|"AMAZON_LINUX"|"AMAZON_LINUX_2"|"UBUNTU"|"REDHAT_ENTERPRISE_LINUX"|"SUSE"|"CENTOS"|"ORACLE_LINUX"|"DEBIAN"|"MACOS",
  "GlobalFilters": {
    "PatchFilters": [
      {
        "Key": "ARCH"|"ADVISORY_ID"|"BUGZILLA_ID"|"PATCH_SET"|"PRODUCT"|"PRODUCT_FAMILY"|"CLASSIFICATION"|"CVE_ID"|"EPOCH"|"MSRC_SEVERITY"|"NAME"|"PATCH_ID"|"SECTION"|"PRIORITY"|"REPOSITORY"|"RELEASE"|"SEVERITY"|"SECURITY"|"VERSION",
        "Values": ["string", ...]
      }
      ...
    ]
  },
  "ApprovalRules": {
    "PatchRules": [
      {
        "PatchFilterGroup": {
          "PatchFilters": [
            {
              "Key": "ARCH"|"ADVISORY_ID"|"BUGZILLA_ID"|"PATCH_SET"|"PRODUCT"|"PRODUCT_FAMILY"|"CLASSIFICATION"|"CVE_ID"|"EPOCH"|"MSRC_SEVERITY"|"NAME"|"PATCH_ID"|"SECTION"|"PRIORITY"|"REPOSITORY"|"RELEASE"|"SEVERITY"|"SECURITY"|"VERSION",
              "Values": ["string", ...]
            }
            ...
          ]
        },
        "ComplianceLevel": "CRITICAL"|"HIGH"|"MEDIUM"|"LOW"|"INFORMATIONAL"|"UNSPECIFIED",
        "ApproveAfterDays": integer,
        "ApproveUntilDate": "string",
        "EnableNonSecurity": true|false
      }
      ...
    ]
  },
  "ApprovedPatches": ["string", ...],
  "ApprovedPatchesComplianceLevel": "CRITICAL"|"HIGH"|"MEDIUM"|"LOW"|"INFORMATIONAL"|"UNSPECIFIED",
  "RejectedPatches": ["string", ...],
  "RejectedPatchesAction": "ALLOW_AS_DEPENDENCY"|"BLOCK",
  "ApprovedPatchesEnableNonSecurity": true|false,
  "Sources": [
    {
      "Name": "string",
      "Products": ["string", ...],
      "Configuration": "string"
    }
    ...
  ]
}

--cli-input-json | --cli-input-yaml (string) Reads arguments from the JSON string provided. The JSON string follows the format provided by --generate-cli-skeleton. If other arguments are provided on the command line, those values will override the JSON-provided values. It is not possible to pass arbitrary binary values using a JSON-provided value as the string will be taken literally. This may not be specified along with --cli-input-yaml.

--generate-cli-skeleton (string) Prints a JSON skeleton to standard output without sending an API request. If provided with no value or the value input, prints a sample input JSON that can be used as an argument for --cli-input-json. Similarly, if provided yaml-input it will print a sample input YAML that can be used with --cli-input-yaml. If provided with the value output, it validates the command inputs and returns a sample output JSON for that command.

See ‘aws help’ for descriptions of global parameters.

Examples

To retrieve the current snapshot for the patch baseline an instance uses

The following get-deployable-patch-snapshot-for-instance example retrieves details for the current snapshot for the specified patch baseline used by an instance. This command must be run from the instance using the instance credentials. To ensure it uses the instance credentials, run aws configure and specify only the Region of your instance. Leave the Access Key and Secret Key fields empty.

Tip: Use uuidgen to generate a snapshot-id.

aws ssm get-deployable-patch-snapshot-for-instance \
    --instance-id "i-1234567890abcdef0" \
    --snapshot-id "521c3536-930c-4aa9-950e-01234567abcd"

Output:

{
    "InstanceId": "i-1234567890abcdef0",
    "SnapshotId": "521c3536-930c-4aa9-950e-01234567abcd",
    "Product": "AmazonLinux2018.03",
    "SnapshotDownloadUrl": "https://patch-baseline-snapshot-us-east-1.s3.amazonaws.com/ed85194ef27214f5984f28b4d664d14f7313568fea7d4b6ac6c10ad1f729d7e7-773304212436/AMAZON_LINUX-521c3536-930c-4aa9-950e-01234567abcd?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20190215T164031Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=86400&X-Amz-Credential=AKIAJ5C56P35AEBRX2QQ%2F20190215%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=efaaaf6e3878e77f48a6697e015efdbda9c426b09c5822055075c062f6ad2149"
}

For more information, see Parameter name: Snapshot ID in the AWS Systems Manager User Guide.

Output

InstanceId -> (string)

The ID of the instance.

SnapshotId -> (string)

The user-defined snapshot ID.

SnapshotDownloadUrl -> (string)

A pre-signed Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) URL that can be used to download the patch snapshot.

Product -> (string)

Returns the specific operating system (for example Windows Server 2012 or Amazon Linux 2015.09) on the instance for the specified patch snapshot.